Thursday, August 27, 2020

Success of a Paint Company: Berger Paints

In 1971 Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited has begun its excursion in Bangladesh. The investors were Jenson and Nicholson (J and N), Duncan Macneil and Co. Constrained and Dada Group. Duncan Macneil along these lines offered their offers to the lion's share investor J and N Group. The Dada Group’s share eventually vested with the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh after the autonomy of the nation in 1971. The name of the organization was changed from J and N (Bangladesh) Limited to Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited on January 1, 1980. Berger Paints Bangladesh Limited (BPBL) is expressed to be the market head in Bangladesh and has a wide scope of items, for example, Decorative Paints, Industrial Paints, Marine Paints, Color Bank, Textured Coatings, Heat Resistant Paints, Roofing Compounds, Wood Solutions, and Wood Adhesives. It gives a far reaching and manageable composition arrangement and giving the best client assistance through Home Decor. BPBL’s corporate methodology is to fabricate bigger piece of the overall industry through offering quality and expedient assistance. It’s essential center is to fortify its present situation by offering some benefit included client assistance. BPBL is resolved to get most noteworthy purchaser fulfillment. The primary goal of this report is to increase by and large down to earth information about the interior correspondence strategies of Berger Paint Bangladesh Ltd. what's more, corporate achievement assessment and furthermore suggest based on business correspondence. Point and Rational of the task: The target of this undertaking is to increase generally speaking down to earth information about the association and dissect the correspondence procedures created by the organization. To be increasingly explicit, this venture contains the accompanying subjects: †¢Historical foundation of Berger Paint Bangladesh Ltd. †¢Organizational structure †¢BPBL’s interior correspondence structure †¢Tools utilized in the current correspondence framework †¢Positive parts of the framework being utilized and proposals for development Hugeness of the Study: The centrality of the investigation can be clarified from multiple points of view. From this task we will find out about the business correspondence rehearses followed by Berger Paint Bangladesh Ltd, the market head in paint industry of Bangladesh. It will assist us with enhancing our insight about the connection between various divisions, how they speak with one another and hierarchical condition. Procedure: The report will be founded on both essential and auxiliary information. †¢Primary Data: It is evident that the examination will require a great deal of essential information. Up close and personal meetings will be led with the director of the BPBL. We have planed to gracefully them survey to be rounded out just as read them out at whatever point required and clarify if any explanation is required. †¢Secondary Data: For optional assets, we will utilize the site of BPBL, item profile, and important diaries by Berger Paint Bangladesh Ltd. For the association part of the report, a great deal of optional assets will likewise be utilized. †¢Data Collection Method: We have chosen to lead individual meetings as information assortment strategy. The survey will be organized and incorporates both open and close-finished inquiries. †¢Questionnaire: For the overview reason, we will get ready survey which meet the goal of the undertaking. It will incorporate various issues and significant components with respect to inner correspondence methods. For the poll we will utilize straightforward, immediate and recognizable words, so the respondents comprehend it without any problem. †¢Data assortment: We will lead Face-to-confront interviews with the administrator of BPBL to gather the information. We will likewise gather the important information from organization site, magazine and so forth. †¢Report Format: The report will contain for the most part two sections. The authoritative part will give the thought regarding Berger Paint Bangladesh Ltd.’s recorded foundation and Organizational structure. Also, the task part will contain BPBL’s interior correspondence structure, devices utilized in the current correspondence framework, positive parts of the framework being utilized and suggestions for development and end. Restriction of the Study: The assortment of essential information is consistently a troublesome thing since it is difficult to guarantee the genuineness of the information. Supervisors of the organization may shroud some data for the privacy. Time is likewise an impediment as we need to meet the director, examine the information and get ready undertaking at an exceptionally brief timeframe. In spite of these restrictions we will attempt our best to gather precise and valuable information through the overview with the goal that we can produce quality outcomes from the information investigation and give proposal where it is important.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Louise Nevelson Sky Cathedral Essays

Louise Nevelson Sky Cathedral Essays Louise Nevelson Sky Cathedral Paper Louise Nevelson Sky Cathedral Paper Article Topic: Church building Related Louise Nevelson-Sky Cathedral Presence Survey of World Art The sculptress Louise Nevelson was a transcending figure of American innovation. Conceived in 1899, she came to noticeable quality in the late ‘50s, picking up fame for monochromatic structures worked out of disposed of wood. Pundit Arthur C. Danto composed, â€Å"There could be no better word for how Nevelson formed her work than bricolage-a French expression that implies managing with what is within reach. (Danto 2007) Her pieces developed and extended in size over the last twentieth century, moving from littler pieces to divider estimated ones, and the plays of volume in that, among light and mass, created correlations with various developments. The accompanying paper will inspect these connections by examining Nevelson’s work, Sky Cathedral (1982), in discussion with seven others: the Stela of Mentuwoser (ca. 1955 B. C. ), the Grave Stele of a Little Girl (c. 450-440 B. C. ), the Imperial Procession from the Ara Pacis Augustae (13-9 B. C. ), the Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons (ca. A. D. 260-270), Duchamp’s Bicycle Wheel, 1913/1951, MoMA, Mondrian’s Composition (1921), and Pollock’s One (Number 31, 1950). To set up these discussions, it is important to find Nevelson’s noteworthiness. Picasso’s spearheading, mid twentieth century figure of amassing was the establishment of Junk craftsmanship a motivation using discovered articles. Nevelson had begun amassing disposed of wood in the mid ‘50s (she was then in her mid 60s), and doing so connected her to numerous more youthful friends. Be that as it may, Nevelson was not ideologically connected to either. Also, Nevelson’s monochrome reliefs conjured hallowed and open scene from hundreds of years sooner. What is midway unique, however, is the absence of single, genuine point of view her bigger establishments welcome thought from an assortment of viewpoints. To put her in a specific mode or custom consistently appears to clash with these strains. Beginning with the Stela of Mentuwoser (Fig. 2), one has a genuine model. Like Nevelson’s develop works, it is a rontally-situated help, and one may go further, taking the Stela’s funerary capacity as a connect to the instructing monochromes-most clearly the blacks. Notwithstanding, Nevelson herself didn't utilize monochromes to hint anything, expressing that the relationship of dark and demise was fundamentally a Western social affiliation and that for her, â€Å"it may mean completion, culmination, possibly time everlasting. † Moreover, it would double-cross social projection to accept that the Egyptians were endeavoring reflection, as such. As per Panofsky The old Egyptians, who attempted to replicate things in their thoroughly target appearance, without a doubt thought they were continuing as naturalistically as could be expected under the circumstances. The Greek craftsman, thus, would have thought of his own fills in as naturalistic just in contrast with those of the Egyptians. {Panofsky 2000) Krauss, in her paper â€Å"The/Cloud/†, advises us that, â€Å"The Egyptian relief†¦both implements a shadowless linearity and is anticipated as though observed from no vantage by any stretch of the imagination. (Kraus 1992) By differentiate, Nevelson’s Sky Cathedral (Fig. ), even in a 2-D rendering, is packed with alcoves and shadows-this welcomes the changing of position which itself products its vantages. The Stela is generally slender; its funerary reason makes one review Alois Riegl’s investigation The Egyptian technique for utilizing a hypothesis of extents obviously mirrors their Kunstwollen [a rtistic goal or â€Å"the will to form†], coordinated not toward the variable, however toward the steady, not toward the symbolization of the crucial present, yet toward the acknowledgment of an immortal forever (Riegl 1957) By welcoming the watcher to reconnect Sky Cathedral from various methodologies, Nevelson is unmistakably attempting to accomplish something different. Looking next at the Grave Stele of a Little Girl (Fig. 3), one can see not just the conventional progressions to which Panofsky motioned in the statement above yet additionally the powerful move from the point of view Riegl depicted. In spite of the fact that this Stele, as well, is associated with death, it isn't worried about the agelessness of life following death it strikingly gets a handle on towards a felt moment of its young subject’s life. The impact of this girl’s troublesome demise and the moment of life the Grave Stele catches are both amplified by the weight and steadiness of the marble. Paradoxically, Nevelson accomplishes something like gracefulness in Sky Cathedral by her utilization of numerous layers and various â€Å"new† spaces that rise up out of various vantage focuses. From the Attic Greek to the Augustan age carries one to the Imperial Procession, situated on the North frieze of the Ara Pacis Augustae (Fig. 4). The initial two models put into discussion with Sky Cathedral were funeral home, yet the Imperial Procession is celebratory. The initial two are both littler than four feet, however the Procession is life-sized, so its visual power is along these lines amplified. At long last, the people in that are not admired sorts, as opposed to prior Greek methods of sculpture they naturalistic delineations of numerous real individuals in the line of the Caesars. The Ara Pacis took four years to work, because of its ideal scale and quality, and that scale focuses to a remarkable development from the Greeks to the Romans. Riegl asserted this vector went from what he call[ed] the haptic objectivism of the Greeks-the outline of the lucidity of the article through an intrigue to and an incitement of the material relationship of the watcher to the optical objectivism of Roman craftsmanship, where the need to set the figure up in space as profoundly unsupported prompted the projection of the back side of the body and thus the utilization of the drill to exhume the help plane. (Riegl 2004) This amplification in both size and authenticity intrigues, positively summoning an enthusiasm for numerous planes of and vantages on the Procession. Yet, what is remarkably missing here that exists in Sky Cathedral are the breaks and pockets-the forming internal spaces that make shadows and puzzles and that are themselves variable things, as outside light moves. The change from Augustan to late Roman figure discovers this pivotal progress. From contemporaneous points of view, Late Roman craftsmanship was decided to have declined from before Greco-Roman principles. In any case, Riegl contended that the advancement of a â€Å"optical† method of portrayal in the late Roman time frame showed, for instance, in the play of light and shadow in the profoundly cut stone coffin reliefs-really arranged the ground for exceptionally spiritualized Christian artistic creation and at last for the romanticizing and abstract craft of current Europe. (Riegl 2004) The agent piece from this period is the Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons (Fig. 5). This piece returns us to funeral home work, yet unmistakably from the former three-carries us to the primary work that doesn't concern commonplace individuals. Cut in high help, Dionysos rides a jaguar and is flanked by four youngsters representing the Seasons. Furthermore, other mythic figures, for example, Mother Earth and a Nereid, get done with rounding out the stone coffin. It’s significant the solid connections between Riegl’s affirmation about the play of light and the ascent of the emotional. There is a scaffold from secret as a component of light and shadow (visual play) to riddle as visual and strict romanticizing; comparatively, there is an extension from puzzle as close to home response to puzzle in emotionally experienced workmanship (instead of craftsmanship that requires some response or position). The name â€Å"Sky Cathedral† introduces or sets someone up to encounter the piece, and the piece is exceptionally reminiscent, even with no human-type figures. On the other hand, the once-censured procedures clear in the high-alleviation are not free of the mythic-account components on it. Obviously, the undeniable following stage is to begin putting Sky Cathedral in discussion with design that has ascended after the ascent of the abstract and that has moved past portrayal. It’s well worth asking what-beside Nevelson’s disputing should make somebody separate her from Dada, Surrealism, and so forth. The principal applicant is Duchamp’s modified readymade, Bicycle 1913/1951 (Fig. 6). One may dismiss Picasso’s utilization of discovered articles, utilized as regularly as they were for authentic pieces, however why shouldn’t one think about Duchamp and Nevelson related spirits? The principal answer, in experiential terms, is the animal scholarly power of readymades, contrasted with Nevelson’s work-the most ideal approach to clarify that is tor allude to the main semiological gadget of Krauss’s â€Å"The/Cloud/. In this article, Krauss refers to Hubert Damisch’s Theorie du/Nuage/, which utilizes a viewpoint seeing machine made by Brunelleschi as a state of takeoff, first to refer to/cloud/as a marker embedded †¦between those two planes of the point of view apparatus†¦slipped into the development as if it were measurable†¦but which gave the lie†¦to this†¦possibility of definition†¦Perspective was therefore compre hended from the first to involve architectonics, of a structure worked from delimited bodies (Krauss 1992) In the event that, to this establishing of viewpoint and discernment, one can include Breton’s meaning of readymades as made items raised to the nobility of show-stoppers through the decision of the craftsman, the issue turns out to be clear. Duchamp’s readymades are objective arranged works, works that live by the putative volition of the craftsman; in this way, there is nothing applied slipped between the two planes above-everything reports itself. On the other hand, from the outset a physical and afterward a

Friday, August 21, 2020

How to End An Essay - Is It A Sophisticated Skill Or Just A Necessary Step?

How to End An Essay - Is It A Sophisticated Skill Or Just A Necessary Step?In order to come up with an interesting and well-written conclusion, how to conclude an essay starts with deciding what the essay is actually trying to say. The definition of a thesis statement should be derived from the beginning of the research and analysis of a topic. The purpose of writing a thesis statement is to prepare a space for future analysis.Here is a question that should be answered in order to get how to conclude an essay right. If a student decides to write an essay on the effects of the information age on the marketplace, is there anything she or he can possibly say about the interaction between change, technology, and society? How about how consumers behave when they are able to buy products from various places? How does technology affect a work environment?A typical question that I get asked as I coach my students in essay writing is about the process of essay writing. What should a student k eep in mind while completing the first draft of the essay? Should the essay be formatted for academic use or does it have a wider appeal?All the above questions have to be answered, of course, and there is no definitive answer. However, one thing to bear in mind is that if you are to be judged by your final draft, you must be able to meet the high standards of composition set by the professor or school, otherwise your paper will be tossed out and you will have to start the process all over again.The thesis statement and the essay's conclusion are two sides of the same coin. Without this concept, there is no point to the essay at all. A good way to remember this concept is to write down in your head how to conclude an essay by answering the question: How do I provide this information in such a way that the reader gains new insight into the subject matter? This knowledge is the most important part of the whole process, and thatis why the thesis statement is so important.How to conclud e an essay is a skill that you learn and refine over time. If you can memorize a formula for writing one, then there is absolutely no reason why you should not incorporate it into your entire paper. Just make sure that you know the rule of thumb for the completion of this technique before you commit it to writing.Make sure that the course materials in your syllabus contain ample details about how to conclude an essay. There is a lot to cover.If you don't take the time to research and learn this skill, you will be very disappointed by the final product. Just make sure that you understand how to conclude an essay before you begin to write.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Nursing And Midwifery Council ( Nmc ) Code ( 2015 ) On...

The report focuses on a fictitious character, no reference to place names, services or related publications that are not available in the public domain will be made. This is in accordance with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) code (2015) on confidentiality and anonymity. The World Health Organisation (WHO) says health is â€Å"a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity† (WHO, 1946). Therefore â€Å"health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions† (WHO, 2015). These determinants of health are best seen in the rainbow model of health, see appendix 1 (Dahlgren and Whitehead, 1991). The report focuses on Rob, see appendix 2, who lives in a shared house in a small town in South Wales which will not be named. Within the report the ways the nurse can help Rob will be discussed. The area is ranked 10 out of 1909 LSOAs (Lower Layer Super Output Areas) in Wales, which places it among the 10% most deprived (Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD), 2014). It is reported as a very ethnically and socially diverse area, see appendix 4. It is has high levels of socio-economic deprivation, see appendix 5. It is among the 10% most deprived areas in Wales for education (WIMD, 2014) see appendix 6. Which relates greatly to Rob as he left school at 16 with fewShow MoreRelatedThe Domains At The Progression Point 21891 Words   |  8 Pagespoint 2. The four domains of nursing care are professional values; communication and interpersonal skills; nursing practice and decision making; leadership, management and team working (NMC, 2016). These are the essential areas where the student nurses have to improve their knowledge and skills prior to the nursing registration for improving the quality of nursing care that they provides afterwards (NMC, 2016). The chosen domain for this particular essay is the nursing practice and decision makingRead MoreThe Domains At The Progression Point 21886 Words   |  8 Pagesprogression point 2. The four domains of nursing care are professional values; communication and interpersonal skills; nursing practice and decision making; leadership, management and team working (NMC, 2016). These are the essential areas where student nurses have to improve their knowledge and skills prior to the nursing registration for improving the quality of nursing care that they provides afterwards (NMC, 2016). The chosen domain for this particular essay is the nursing practice and decision makingRead MoreCritical Study And Analysis Of Oral Care928 Words   |  4 PagesThe purpose of this document is a critical study and analysis of the oral care provided by nursing staff as part of the Ventilator Care Bundle (VCB) and to assess whether the frequency of mouth care performed is related to the prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumon ia (VAP) in patients mechanically ventilated (Zilberberg et al. 2009). The following document is a case study written by an intensive care nurse, who will explore the oral care provided to a patient admitted in an Intensive Care UnitRead MorePrinciples Of Health Promotion And The Nurse s Role As Behavior Change Facilitator1502 Words   |  7 Pagesdeprived district as determined by Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (2014). In accordance to confidentiality and anonymity code of Nursing and Midwifery Council - NMC (2015) the family members named in this report are fictitious; the district is named as Locality-A; and the facilities named are not available within the public domain. Definition of Health Promotion The World Health Organisation - WHO (2015) defines Health Promotion as fundamental discipline in disease prevention through social /environmentalRead MoreCritical Analysis Of Evidence Based Practice3419 Words   |  14 Pagesdifferent healthcare settings in December 2013 was 4.7%, taken from data available for 186,000 patients. The cost of treating ulcers can vary depending on severity from  £43 up to  £374 (NICE, 2014). Evidence based practice skills are essential in nursing as it allows the best available evidence to be used to improve practice and patient care, while improving decision-making (Holland and Rees, 2010). I will be critiquing two research papers; qualitative and quantitative, using a framework set out byRead MoreThe Search Trail ( Various Searches And Outcomes6750 Words   |  27 Pageseducation were more likely to present negative attitudes towards EHR introduction. Another benefit of the EHR according to its supporters was its multi-task functions. Varieties of modules such as medicine module, vital signs, laboratory and radiology; nursing care plans, multidisciplinary plans, discharges, social workers’ sections were alluded to by Kossman (2006) Dahm and Wadenster (2008); DeVliegher et al (2010) and Stevenson and Nilsson (2012). Contrarily, Moody et al (2004); De Veer and Franke (2010)

Friday, May 15, 2020

Data Collection Methodologies Focus Group and Interview Free Essay Example, 1000 words

To understand the meanings and the reasons which an interviewee associate certain way of behaviour, allowing to understand, why a particular habit or behaviour is exhibited, which in ordinary life is not possible to understand. John (1985) argues that interview is special mode of interaction and understanding people s knowledge, norms, and cultural values in an impartial way giving an understanding, how people make sense of their culture, religion and social behaviour. In plain words, interview allows to reach inside people s head rather than keep on guessing, what means what. Semi-structured or unstructured interviews (informal interview) are useful when researchers want in-depth understanding of a topic. It is easy to interview people than to develop a written survey and capture all the possible variations. In informal interview, normally its trust between the researcher and the interviewer and is less stressful as the interviewer does not feel himself in a stressed situation and the communication takes place in a friendly atmosphere. The development of trust allows the researcher to explore beyond the personal ego allowing the researcher to satisfy his curiosity and explore the understudy question in depth without any obstacle. Structured in-person interviews can be useful when participants have difficulty with a written survey or when a researcher wants to clarify (qualitative) questions in addition to structured questions. We will write a custom essay sample on Data Collection Methodologies: Focus Group and Interview or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page The interviewers ordinarily require less training and instruction compared to other methodsGarvey (1998) has mentioned that observational research method provides understanding of interaction between marketers and users, exploring members interaction in an organisation and understanding norms in a community.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Effective Quality Management And Risk Management - 874 Words

III. Effective Quality Management Although hundreds of management methods are developed, most research considers a non-holistic software quality management (SQM) viewpoint and focuses on development-phase-specific quality assurance (QA) methods and activities. To support SQM, we study effective quality management (EQM) to get acceptance of adequate product quality assurance activities by a minimum set of stakeholders, developers, customers, and users.[1] Value engineering (VE) is a method that developed by general electric after World War II,[1]Developers can use this method to find the most valuable functions and deliver it with the limited resources. As for risk management (RM), which can be considering as a method to reduce both the occurrence possibility and aftereffect of adverse events, is a crucial part of many projects develop processes. Although value engineering and risk management are widely used in many industries and many successful applications can be found, most application for Value engineering and risk management are separated. Therefore, how values and risks fit together is still a big issue. However, effective quality management contains value engineering and risk management together. In order to check the effectiveness and find advantages of EQM, we make a comparison: EQM versus value engineering and risk management. First of all, EQM is a combination of VE and RM. But EQM focuses on the effectiveness of risk mitigation during software developmentShow MoreRelatedInfluence of the Leadership and Governance of a Healthcare Organization710 Words   |  3 PagesHow does the leadership and governance of a health care organization influence the development and implementation of risk-management and quality-management policies? Risk Management A companys risk management strategy is largely governed by the degree to which company leadership emphasizes its importance. This denotes that organizational governance must prioritize risk-reduction as a leading operational imperative. Leadership should be directly involved in making difficult decisions that willRead MoreQuality And Safety Initiatives Throughout The U.s. Health Care Delivery System932 Words   |  4 PagesQuality and safety initiatives are driving important changes in the U.S. health care delivery system. Quality in health care is defined as the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes are consistent with current professional knowledge (Nash Goldfarb, 2006, p. 6). The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, To Err is Human, states that most of the medical errors are resulted from system error and processes. Medical Errors accountRead MoreThe Pharmaceutical Industry Has Been Privatized805 Words   |  4 Pagesand the quality of products has been low (Plumb, 2013). Many areas of business and government utilize risk management principles to ensure quality. The International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) Quality Risk Managemen t guideline (Q9) (2005) states that â€Å"it is commonly understood that risk is defined as the combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm†. The pharmaceutical industry has recognized the importance of quality systems and that quality risk managementRead MoreAn Organizational Structure Based on Risk and Quality Fundamentals823 Words   |  4 Pages2.3 Risk Management According to IRM-AIRMIC-ALARM (2002), risk management actually defines every organisational strategic management; it comprises the process which identifies and treats the internal and external risks and adds sustainable value to the organisation and its stakeholders by decreasing the probability of not achieving the organisation’s overall objectives. The specific institutes suggest that risk management lies in the strategic, tactical and operational levels, and its embodimentRead MoreRisk and Quality Management1593 Words   |  7 PagesRisk and Quality Management Assessment Summary Angelina L. Crudo HCS/451 University of Phoenix Lisa Kehlenbrink July 8, 2013 Risk and Quality Management Assessment Summary Risk management is about reducing the likelihood of errors with the aim of improving and monitoringRead MoreRisk Management Process Is Risk1436 Words   |  6 PagesRisk management is developed in order to reduce the likelihood of possible events that have negative effects for patients, staffs and the organization; to reduce the risk of death and injury or disease for patients, staffs, and others as result of services provided; to improve patient outcomes; to manage resources effectively; and to support legislative compliance and to ensure organizational viability and development. In order to achieve these goals, risk management teams should follow the fourRead MoreAn Organizational Structure Based on Risk and Quality Fundamentals1038 Words   |  5 Pages1. INTRODUCTION As organizations strive to maintain economic viability in a constantly changing global environment, they must continually modify their business processes and even their workforce to provide on-time quality services, despite often diminishing resources. The organizational effectiveness according to ILM (2003c) is affected by a variety of factors: political factors since governments set the law and the regulations under which businesses operate; economic factors that include operationalRead MoreHardware and Project Considerations When Implementing a New CRM System1638 Words   |  7 PagesConsiderations When Implementing A New CRM System The most effective Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems are deliberately designed to align and enhance the strategic initiatives and programs of a given business or enterprise. They must take into account customer preferences, needs and wants as well, and strive to create a foundation of shared information and insight over time There are a myriad of studies that show how effective CRM systems are in transforming businesses and making themRead MoreEvaluation Of Beaumont Hospital s Risk Management1106 Words   |  5 PagesThe main objective of Beaumont Hospital is to provide high quality, efficient, accessible services, in a caring environment for Southeastern Michigan residents. Beaumont Hospital believes that patient safety is just as important as medical progression. Therefore, Beaumont Hospital’s risk management program consists of identifying hazard associated risks, controlling risks, and monitoring the effectiveness of procedures/practices. Risk is a part of patient care and services because everything doesn’tRead MoreAn Organizational Structure Based on Risk and Quality Fundamentals641 Words   |  3 PagesFollowing the review cited above, it is apparent that risk management cycle (hazard identification, risk assessment for prioritizing the need for response, decision for actions according to available resources, measures implementation, monitoring, feedback and identification of new hazards) dominates every business activity and consequently comprises the process that drives the organisational management and operations. From a wider viewpoint, Risk Management comprises the inevitable and inextricable process

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Tanks The Evolution Of Tank Technology Essay free essay sample

Tanks, The Evolution Of Tank Technology Essay, Research Paper Ever since the debut of the armored combat vehicle into modern land combat, it has been a bold symbol of ground forcess of all states. Its beginnings based on that of a farm tractor, the armored combat vehicle now looms big over battlegrounds as a worthy enemy, and is in many instances the anchor of most modern twenty-four hours land manoeuvres. The armored combat vehicle was foremost developed by the British and the Gallic during World War I. These armored combat vehicles were really slow ( route velocity was about 5 miles per hour ) and were used merely for foot protection. Although they had some success in the battleground, they failed to perforate German lines. After World War I the Germans used the inter-war period to develop armored combat vehicle engineering and tactics. The consequences of their attempts showed in the Blitzkriegs of 1939 in Poland and of 1940 in France. The tactics involved utilizing newer, faster theoretical accounts of armored combat vehicles that operated as a individual unit, alternatively of merely as a shield for foot. In 1943 the Russians turned the tabular arraies at the Battle of Kursk, at the clip the largest armored combat vehicle conflict in history where about 4,000 Russian armored combat vehicles stopped a German offense of more than 2,000 armored combat vehicles. This conflict was a turning point in the war as it ended the German violative capableness in the East. Its position as the largest armored combat vehicle conflict in history lasted until 1973, when the Israeli ground forces counterattacked against the Egyptian offense in the Sinai during the Yom Kippur War. Interesting about this conflict was the fact that the Egyptians used Russian armored combat vehicle tactics affecting massed manoeuvre, while the Israelis used basically the German blitzkrieg technique, which emphasized single-unit manoeuvre. The Israelis won this conflict. Most late the armored combat vehicle dominated in Desert Storm where United States armored combat vehicles one time once more proved that manoeuvrability is more utile than massing, and the Western armored combat vehicles proved dominate over the Russian. The armored combat vehicle has developed in many different countries since its debut during World War I. The velocity, scope, deadliness, survivability, and the ability to pass on with or command a armored combat vehicle on the battleground have all improved greatly, but at that place haven? T merely been promotions in existent armored combat vehicles when it comes to this sort of warfare. Anti-tank warfare has besides seen great betterments in many of the same countries like arm scope and deadliness. One of the most singular countries of betterments has been that of velocity. During World War I where armored combat vehicles foremost saw conflict, the maximal velocity of a armored combat vehicle was around 5 kilometers per hour, and that is purely route velocity. In the state, the top velocity it could trust to achieve would be approximately half of that. Nowadays the German armored combat vehicle known as the Leopard 2 which is in service with many ground forcess, can achieve a maximal route velocity of around 72 kilometers per hour, and a cross-country velocity of 35 kilometers per hour. This is similar to the velocity of the Gallic Leclerc except in the maximal cross-country velocity it can accomplish. Like the Leopard, the Leclerc can achieve a maximal route velocity of 72 stat mis per hr, but because the Leclerc weighs 3200 Kg less than the Leopard, it can achieve a maximal cross- state velocity of merely 55 kilometers per hour. The chief difference between the two prevaricat ions in the fact that the Leclerc houses a crew of three soldiers, while the Leopard can transport and keep up to fourteen. A 3rd armored combat vehicle, the Israeli Merkava has a route and cross-country velocity which is approximately the same, with a upper limit of 65 kilometers per hours on the route, and 60 kilometers per hour in the state. Another factor that determines the velocity of a armored combat vehicle is what and where it is to be used. The Merkava is an Israeli armored combat vehicle so most of the combat to be had is in the desert, so it isn? t specifically tailored to the route. These velocities are a huge addition over the earlier theoretical accounts of armored combat vehicles ; they non merely travel up to about 20 times faster than the first armored combat vehicle, but they can besides cover a broad country as a consequence. The operating scope of armored combat vehicles has besides increased markedly. World War I armored combat vehicles had a scope of possibly 50 stat mis. The German Wehrmacht? s Prime Minister armored combat vehicle at the beginning of World War II, the Panzer IV, had a cross-country scope of 80 stat mis. The armored combat vehicle of today? s German Army, the Leopard II, one of the best armored combat vehicles in the universe, has a scope of 310 stat mis. Such scope means that armored combat vehicle units are less restricted in their operating radius and less tied down to repair fueling bases. Progresss in communicating have besides allowed for a much larger scope. Lethality, the ability to? kill? or disable other armored combat vehicles, has besides improved by orders of magnitude. Tank cannon have increased in quality and throw weight from 75mm cannon in the Panzer IV of WWII to 120MM in the Leopard II, U.S. M1A2, and other front line armored combat vehicles of today. Effective scope is further increased with the coming of new optical systems. They can observe enemies every bit good as Alliess at greater scope, enabling better aiming. Infrared systems enable the sensing of heat signatures, and laser aiming gives soldiers the ability to self-aim and let go of laser-guided explosives and weaponries. The optical maser is aligned with the fire-control computing machine, so the soldier uses his internal targeting system to take at marks. After the mark is illuminated with the optical maser, its guided weaponries are released and follow the optical maser beam right to the mark. This engineering allows for highly accurate targeting at longer scopes. Survivability is another country in which immense springs have been made. Armor became increasingly heavier and more sophisticated over the old ages. Today, most modern armored combat vehicles use low U, an highly heavy metal, as primary armour. It is about imperviable to all but the heaviest standard shells. Additionally, Explosive Reactive Armor ( ERA ) is used as an add-on to the primary armour. The armored combat vehicle? s primary armour is covered with an extra bed of tiles of ERA, which is an explosive sandwiched between steel home bases. The explosive in the armour is initiated due to the impact of a warhead upon it, doing it to detonate outward, opposing the payload that has merely hit it ; the consequence is minimum harm to the armored combat vehicle. ERA is a really recent development that saw its first important usage during Operation Desert Storm. Era is being used on an ever-increasing graduated table since so to supply protection against both kinetic and chemical warhe ads.. Since ERA is tiled on to the ( by and large ) level surfaces of a armored combat vehicle it does non supply optimum protection. There are countries of the armored combat vehicle the ERA does non cover ; many times these countries include the hull sides and rise up, every bit good as the rear of the turret. These infinites are now the armored combat vehicle? s Achilles Heel ; the enemy can disenable a armored combat vehicle with a hit in these countries. ? During the first month of the Chechnya battle in December 1994, 62 Russian armored combat vehicles were destroyed, all but one of them by hits in countries non protected by reactive armor. ? ( Biass, 56 ) As proved in that case, it is difficult, but non impossible to acquire around ERA. Another innovation that deploys facets of the ERA engineering is that of the Russian radio detection and ranging systems? Drozd? and? Arena? which use radio detection and ranging detectors to observe incoming missiles, and direct out grenades to prosecute such menaces. Such devices are really expensive and non easy to come by, but shortly these devices will go the norm, and defence engineering will develop even more. Presently, the US is researching the development of? blending detectors? which will be able to supply a stand-off capableness for missiles and missiles leting these to assail marks protected by ERA or other protection systems. All modern twenty-four hours armored combat vehicles are besides equipped with laser-warning receiving systems ( LWR ) , supplying an extra grade of survivability. These give visual or acoustic warnings that incoming optical maser energy has been detected, fundamentally stating the armored combat vehicle that they have been targeted. More sophisticated LWRs can give an indicant of the nature of the menace, and can besides originate fume grenades. Operating scope is besides affected by the ability to pass on. Communication with air support and other armored combat vehicles through the usage of orbiters and other new communications devices, is now much more dependable than it was even a decennary ago. This enhanced communicating allows for individual armored combat vehicles to happen out where they are, where the other armored combat vehicles in their unit are, and where the enemy is, every bit good as the construction of the land. This, in bend, enables them to steer with assurance over a greater scope. At the same clip, brigade, group and corps commanding officers can utilize enhanced communications engineering, including both cellular and satellite engineering, to hold a better image of the battleground and thereby be better positioned for tactical and strategic decision-making affecting armored combat vehicle companies and battalions. Tanks have evolved in legion ways since their debut during World War I, and will go on to germinate until they are no longer needed for land warfare, every bit long as the engineering involved continues to germinate. The blitzkriegs of World War II and the Yom Kippur war both demonstrated that armored combat vehicle manoeuvrability was the cardinal to land warfare success, so many engineerings have developed to increase the manoeuvrability of the armored combat vehicle. The velocity of a modern armored combat vehicle as compared to the earliest theoretical accounts has increased 15 crease on both route and cross-country surfaces. The scope of armored combat vehicles has besides increased over the past century. Tanks can now travel up to around five times farther than they could on the same armored combat vehicle of gas, which has allowed for an increased operation radius, which is widened even more by the execution of new communications systems. The deadliness coupled with the surviv ability of armored combat vehicles has allowed for a better battleground record and the ability to easy upgrade most armored combat vehicles ( e.g. the panels of ERA that can be placed on different subdivisions of a armored combat vehicle ) has allowed for a longer life. Tanks are on the taking border of engineering and are an indispensable portion of today? s ground forcess.